The near-complete destruction of cod stocks has decimated this traditional component of the fisheries.However, Mining is another major industry in Nova Scotia.The small black population in the province includes the descendants of slaves brought into the colony in the 18th century as well as the descendants of black loyalists; West Indian immigrants have bolstered the black population. Approximately one-third of Nova Scotians are Roman Catholics; among the Protestant denominations, the Urbanization was an important trend during the 20th century, but nearly one-half of Nova Scotians still live outside major population centres.
German immigrants in the 1750s founded the seaport of . However, both Gaelic and the native language of the Mi’kmaq have experienced a renaissance in recent years. It became the site of the first permanent European settlement in North America north of Florida when the French established a fur-trading post at Port Royal (near present-day Annapolis Royal) in 1605. in the southwest and along the Northumberland Strait.Early explorers gave the area the name (French: Acadie), probably a corruption of the word used by the native Mi’kmaq. Many of the tens of thousands of acres of marshland created by the tremendously high tides—among the highest in the world—of the Bay of Fundy have been turned to agricultural use by dikes, which were begun in the mid-17th century by the early French settlers, the Acadians.Animal life includes such game species as deer and moose and, among the birds, partridge, pheasant, and duck.people had occupied the area for centuries before the arrival of the first Europeans in the late 15th century.
Most of the remaining people are descended from settlers from the (known as United Empire Loyalists) settled much of western and northern Nova Scotia, with scattered settlements elsewhere.