HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips, so-called ? HSV-1 infection of the genitals can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection.
Genital HSV-1 outbreaks recur less regularly than genital HSV-2 outbreaks. There is no treatment that can cure herpes, but antiviral medications can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication.
Studies show that more than 500,000 Americans are diagnosed with genital herpes each year. Efforts to develop a vaccine by biotechnology companies are ongoing.
When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum.
The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur.
About 6.2 million Americans get a new genital HPV infection each year. The types of HPV that infect the genital area are spread primarily through genital contact.
Most HPV infections have no signs or symptoms; therefore, most infected persons are unaware they are infected, yet they can transmit the virus to a sex partner.