Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west.
The state is divided into 105 counties with 628 cities, and is located equidistant from the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.
By that time the violence in Kansas had largely subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, 1863, William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence, destroying much of the city and killing nearly 200 people.
He was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature.
Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys.Directly presaging the American Civil War, these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas.Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to join the United States.Kansas Territory stretched all the way to the Continental Divide and included the sites of present-day Denver, Colorado Springs, and Pueblo.Missouri and Arkansas sent settlers into Kansas all along its eastern border.
When it was officially opened to settlement by the U. government in 1854 with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state.